Status is typically awarded to people who show two key qualities: competence and willingness to contribute to the group. Scholars assume that anyone not showing these qualities is pursuing status through a dominance strategy–seizing status through force and fear. We demonstrate another viable path: People can inspire others to willingly grant them status (commonly called the prestige pathway) by displaying dissociative cues, such as defiance or exclusivity.
We’ve conducted online studies where participants rate others.
We’ve studied real, interacting groups.